Muscle pain, or “Myalgia” is a symptom of a larger illness or disorder.
This sort of pain is usually localized, affecting only one or more muscles or parts of the body. Just about everyone experiences sore, aching muscles now and then. Muscle pain can range from mild to excruciating, and though it most often goes away after a couple of days, some muscle pain may persist for months. It can develop almost anywhere in the body, including the neck, back, legs, and hands. Muscle pain one feels through the entire body is, “systemic muscle pain. ”
Most minor muscle pain is solved through self-care and home therapy. Whether a conditioned athlete or a newcomer, an individual can become sore after exercise, particularly when the exercise lasts longer than normal, is more extreme or uses different muscles. Even severe strains, which may take weeks to heal, usually respond well to home treatment called “R.I.C.E” (Rest, Ice, Compression, Elevation). For the best results, R.I.C.E. should start within forty-eight hours of an accident. Most muscle pain can be prevented by warming up before exercising and cooling down after, stretching before exercise and more intense physical activity, drinking plenty of fluids, and extending every hour.
Muscle Pain Causes
Muscle pain is a symptom of a larger illness or disorder. The most frequent causes of muscle pain are tension, stress, overuse and small injuries. The pain location, length, and level of intensity depends greatly on which it causing the pain. Outside of injury, the most frequent muscle pain causes include chronic exertional compartment syndrome, viral infections, chronic fatigue syndrome, staph infections, claudications, Rocky Mountain spotted fever, dermatomyositis, post-polio syndrome, fibromyalgia, porphyria, influenza (flu), polymyalgia rheumatica, lupus, Lyme disease, myofascial pain syndrome, medications (particularly statins), and muscle strain or rupture.
Muscle pain home remedy usually relieves pain from minor injuries, stress or exercise. Muscle pain from acute injuries or systemic disorder is often serious and needs medical attention. An individual needs to schedule an office visit if experiencing muscle pain that lasts more than a week, signs of infection, such as swelling and redness, around a sore muscle, or poor circulation and muscle pain in the legs. An individual needs to call a physician immediately if undergoing abrupt, intense muscle pain who doesn’t go away or that recurs through exercise, have a tick bite or rash, or experience pain after starting a medication. Electrolyte imbalances, like too little potassium or calcium, can also result in pain.
Risk Factors of Muscle Pain Causes
Primarily, the risk factors of muscle pain are largely related to lifestyle, including exercise regimen and job. Repetitive strain injury (RSI) causes muscle pain through repetitive activities, forceful exertions, vibrations, mechanical compression, or sustained awkward positions. Working extended hours from computers, traveling and driving are examples. Other typical habits which may cause RSI include activities which need looking down for long periods of time like reading, carrying heavy things, holding a phone between shoulder and neck, prolonged use of their hands, wrists, neck and back without sufficient breaks.
Athletes, construction workers, and people who spend the vast majority of their days in bodily exertion are at a greater risk of injury and muscle injury, which contributes to localized, and potentially systemic, muscle pain. People who have immunodeficiency conditions are more likely to develop a disease that can lead to muscle pain. Those taking medications for other, possibly unrelated, conditions are at a greater risk for muscle pain. Withdrawal of chemically dependent substances such as opioids, barbiturates, benzodiazepines, and alcohol can cause systemic pain. Certain chronic medical conditions that cause you to be immobile and bedridden are at greater risk of muscle pain. Lastly, another particular muscle pain cause is acute rejection after heart transplant surgery.