Congestive Heart Failure Terminologies

You might begin to experience symptoms of congestive heart failure as soon as your heart’s ability to pump blood into the rest of your body becomes impaired. Heart failure...

You might begin to experience symptoms of congestive heart failure as soon as your heart’s ability to pump blood into the rest of your body becomes impaired. Heart failure may develop gradually over time or come on suddenly after a heart attack or a disorder of the heart muscle. If you’re somebody who’s concerned about your health, here are 10 conditions you should know when talking about heart failure with your physician.

Hypertension:

High blood pressure is a condition in which the pressure of blood against your artery walls is too large. If your blood pressure is over 140/90, you have hypertension. Over time, this may lead to health issues. High blood pressure is one of the most frequent signs of congestive heart failure.

Edema:

The medical term for fluid retention, edema is a symptom of congestive heart failure. You may experience swelling of your feet, ankles, thighs, stomach, or notice weight gain because of buildup of fluid in the cells. 

Dyspnea:

Another frequent indication of heart failure is dyspnea, or shortness of breath. Experiences of breathlessness occur during action, while resting, or while sleeping. Heart failure affects breathing because fluid enters the lungs because of blood backing up in the pulmonary veins.

Heart palpitations:

These create a feeling your heart is racing or throbbing. For those who have heart failure, you may sometimes experience heart palpitations.

Arrhythmias:

A cause of congestive heart failure may be an abnormal heartbeat, leading to your heart working too hard. The extra work for your heart can cause it to weaken over time, resulting in heart failure.

Coronary artery disease (CAD):

Your arteries are responsible for providing oxygen-rich blood into your heart. When these arteries become damaged or diseased, they will narrow, resulting in a drop in blood circulation to the heart. CAD is a frequent cause for congestive heart failure.

Cardiomyopathy:

Cardiomyopathy is damage to the heart muscle due to alcohol or drug abuse, disease, and chemotherapy. When heart muscle is damaged, the heart has difficulty supplying blood to the body, resulting in heart failure. 

Myocarditis: 

This is inflammation of the heart muscle, most probably caused by a virus. It’s another possible cause of congestive heart failure. 

Lifestyle changes:

In conjunction with prescribed medications, your physician will suggest that you adopt healthy lifestyle changes to be able to improve symptoms and general quality of life. Some changes include: keeping a healthy weight, eating healthy, exercising, and reducing anxiety.

Angioplasty:

Angioplasty is a typical, non-surgical treatment which may be recommended depending on the cause of heart failure. This therapy involves using a balloon-tipped catheter to unblock arteries which are obstructed with plaque deposits.

 

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