Hemophilia is an genetic disorder. The ability of blood to clot decreases. This causes the victim to bleed badly even from a slight injury. This condition mainly originates from a hereditary factor carried on the X chromosome, factor VIII. Small cuts aren’t a large issue for hemophiliacs in comparison with internal bleeding especially happening in the knees, joints and elbows. This sort of bleeding can seriously damage body organs and cause death. It’s no cure as of yet, but you will find self-care remedies recommended for individuals suffering from hemophilia which permits them to live normal and active lives.
Treatment and medications for hemophilia
Treatment for bleeding- changes based on type of hemophilia
- Mild hemophilia A
The hormone desmopressin (DDAVP) goes into a vein to discharge clotting factors to decrease bleeding. Occasionally DDAVP is given as a nasal medication.
- Moderate to severe hemophilia A or hemophilia B
Bleeding in these kinds of hemophilia can only be stopped after an infusion of recombinant clotting factor that’s given from human blood. If internal bleeding is acute, repeating infusions maybe necessary.
- Hemophilia C
The factor missing in this type of hemophilia is clotting factor XI. This clotting factor is only available in Europe. Plasma infusions help stop bleeding episodes.
- Regular infusions of DDAVP or clotting factor
The infusions help to prevent bleeding. This approach is ideal because it restricts the amount of time spent in the hospital and reduces any harm which can cause the joints to severely bleed. A medical practitioner can explain the way you can do the infusions.
- Clot preserving medications (antifibrinolytics)
These are drugs help stop the breakdown of clots.
- Fibrin sealants
This sort of treatment can go directly on to wound sites. This promotes clotting and recovery at site of damage. They are extremely powerful and common during therapy.
- Physical treatment
It’s crucial in easing symptoms and signs of internal bleeding which might have caused damage to joints. If the damage brought on by internal bleeding is quite severe surgery may have to resolve the harm.
- First aid for minor cuts
Applying pressure to the bleeding site and putting on a bandage will normally treat bleeding. For smaller sites of bleeding beneath the skin, ice packs can be implemented. Ice pops may also help slow down slight bleeding which mayice packsn the mouth.
Ideally, blood products go through screening. However it’s not unusual to find individuals who rely on them contracting diseases. To avoid this as a hemophiliac, It’s advised to get vaccinated against Hepatitis A and Hepatitis B.
- Exercise regularly
Cycling, swimming and walking may build up muscles and protect the joints. Contact sports aren’t safe for hemophiliacs.
- Prevent certain pain medicines
Some pain medicines containing aspirin or aspirin like Advil can aggravate bleeding in hemophiliacs. Physicians advise hemophiliacs to use acetaminophen instead.
- Prevent blood thinning medications
These are drugs that prevent blood from clotting. They include heparin, warfarin, and prasugel.
- Practice good dental hygiene
Maintain good dental hygiene with the intent of preventing tooth extraction in the future that may result in excessive bleeding.
- Protect your child from actions that could lead to joint injuries
Knee pads, elbow pads and helmets are advised for outside pursuits. Keep paths in the home from anything that might lead to harm to hemophiliac children.