Thyroid cancer affects a great deal of people. In actuality, about 56,000 people receive a diagnosis every year in the United States alone. And the majority of the diagnoses are papillary thyroid cancer. While women are more likely to get thyroid cancer compared to men, everybody runs a risk. Moreover, although thyroid cancer may appear at any age, it’s more common beyond the age of 30.
Most thyroid cancer forms will get more competitive as the individual ’s age increases. Thyroid cancer does not usually present any symptoms. The first indication of it is normally a nodule on the thyroid gland. The good thing about thyroid cancer is that there are a few extremely successful thyroid cancer treatment options available.
Thyroid Cancer Treatment Options and Types
Although it’s somewhat rare for thyroid cancer to present symptoms, sometimes, you might encounter some neck pain, a reduction of your voice as well as an enlarged lymph node or 2. The tumor will present itself as a thyroid nodule. Although up to 75% of the populace has these, most are simply benign. While papillary thyroid cancer is the most frequent type, there are three other kinds of thyroid cancer with varying levels of recurrence.
Papillary thyroid cancer accounts for around 80% of thyroid cancers while follicular (also called Hurthle cell) thyroid cancer accounts for 15%. Medullary thyroid cancer accounts for around 3%, whereas anaplastic thyroid cancer comes in at around 2%. In young patients notably, follicular and papillary especially cancers have more than a 97% success rate with good treatment. The treatment for these two common types generally entails removing the lobe of the thyroid which contains cancerous cells, or in some instances all of it.
While it’s a rare type, medullary thyroid cancer is unfortunately a lot more challenging to treat. It has a tendency to spread rather quickly rather early on, therefore requiring a more aggressive treatment upon discovery. To be able to treat this kind of cancer, you should completely remove the thyroid in addition to the lymph nodes on either side and in front of the throat.
The other type of thyroid cancer, anaplastic thyroid cancer, has the worst prognosis of all of them. The treatment for this kind of cancer is very aggressive and unfortunately is often not good. It requires surgery to remove the tumor, which frequently fails as it is usually not found until after it’s spread for a long time. Most patients will usually require a tracheostomy during surgery too.
Chemotherapy for Thyroid Cancer Treatment
Chemotherapy is a really common treatment for a good deal of cancer types and can really be particularly effective since thyroid cells have a special trait. Unlike any other cells in the body, thyroid cells will absorb iodine. In actuality, they have to do so in order to function. This provides an ideal strategy for a complete treatment in the case of papillary thyroid cancer. When the patient has undergone surgery for the removal of the tumor, they are then given radioactive iodine.
Since thyroid cancer cells often retain the ability to absorb iodine, any residual cancer cells will consume this poisonous iodine, which will then destroy them. The thyroid cells will remain unharmed, however, since they won’t absorb anything toxic. Most patients, if not all, will get this thyroid cancer treatment after surgery because the survival rate is very high. In general, a radioactive iodine treatment is very safe, so if it’s an option, take it.
While there are lots of distinct kinds of thyroid cancer, the great news is that the most frequent kind is extremely treatable and has a very high success rate. While becoming diagnosed with cancer is obviously an awful thing, knowing about large survival rates should be reassuring. Typically, surgery followed by a radioactive iodine treatment will look after the problem. To put it differently, you will back to leading a normal and healthy lifestyle v