Deep vein thrombosis is a condition that occurs when a blood clot forms in one or more of the deep veins in your body. It is most common in the legs.
This condition sometimes develops if you are not mobile for a long period of time. This can happen after surgery or an accident when you’re confined to bed for an extended amount of time. It may also happen if you have certain medical conditions that influence the way your blood clots. This condition can be quite dangerous. The blood clots in your veins may break loose and travel through your bloodstream to your lungs. Ultimately, blocking blood flow. This may cause death.
After receiving a diagnosis of deep vein thrombosis, treatment is usually focused on preventing the blood clot from growing any bigger. It is important to prevent the clot from breaking loose and causing additional, possibly life-threatening complications. Additionally, it is important to lower your chances of developing this condition in the future. To accomplish these goals, there are lots of different treatment choices.
Anticoagulant medications (also called blood thinners) are the most common treatments for deep vein thrombosis. Though blood thinners can’t split existing clots, these medications work by decreasing your blood’s ability to clot, which could also prevent existing clots from growing any bigger, in addition to reduce your risk for developing additional clots.
There are lots of different anticoagulant medications including injections and oral medications. Some of the most frequently used include Lovenox (enoxaparin), Fragmin (dalteparin), Arixtra (fondaparinux), Coumadin (warfarin), and Xarelto (rivaroxaban).
Blood thinners may have severe side effects if you take too much or too small, so make certain to follow your doctor’s specific instructions for taking the medicine. You will likely have to take this medicine for at least three months when dealing with deep vein thrombosis.
If blood thinning drugs aren’t working or if you’re experiencing a more serious sort of deep vein thrombosis, your physician may suggest another type of medication. Thrombolytics, also called”clotbusters,” are a sort of medication that triggers tissue plasminogen. They’re administered through an IV line or via a catheter and break up blood clots that are very dangerous. Thrombolytic drugs are only given in an intensive care ward of a hospital since they’re only utilized in life-threatening circumstances and can cause significant bleeding.
If, for some reason, you are not able to take medications to thin your blood, you may need a process that involves inserting a filter in your vena cava, a large vein in your abdomen. This will prevent any clots which may break loose from lodging in your lungs and causing pulmonary embolism.
Deep vein thrombosis can also lead to swelling. Compression stockings are worn on your legs from your toes to your knees and can stop the swelling from happening by applying pressure to the area of the uterus. This pressure will also reduce your risk of future clotting.