Bipolar disorder is a mental condition. It has alternating periods of depression and mania. This disorder can be quite serious. It can cause employment difficulties, family conflict, or even heavy substance abuse. The acute health and societal effect of this condition make diagnosis and treatment incredibly important.
What kinds of bipolar disorder exist?
There are two main types of bipolar disorder: bipolar I and bipolar II. Individuals with bipolar I disorder are severe cases who undergo extreme episodes of high energy and depression. Those suffering from bipolar II have less severe signs of this disorder. They alter between much milder forms of depression and mania. These are the two chief kinds of the condition. However, lots of individuals don’t fit into either one and have a less common form of the condition.
Diagnosis of Bipolar disorder?
Mental health professionals look for certain symptoms before diagnosing a patient with bipolar disorder. They use the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, more commonly called the DSM, to make their identification. If the patient doesn’t meet criteria for bipolar disorder, they may have a mood disorder, such as depression.
In order for a patient to be diagnosed with bipolar disorder, they must exhibit three or more symptoms of mania which last for over a week. These symptoms include a decreased sleeping program, rapid speech, unusually substantial self-esteem, and insecure, pleasure-seeking behavior.
As well as displaying manic symptoms, the individual must show at least four signs of a manic episode before or after undergoing their manic episode. Depressive episodes may include unusual changes in appetite or sleep, substantially diminished energy levels, suicidal thoughts, difficulty concentrating, and feelings of worthlessness.
Bipolar disorder treatment
A psychiatrist creates a comprehensive treatment plan after diagnosis of bipolar disorder.
There are many techniques of treatment for bipolar disorder. Various medications will most likely be prescribed. Normally, a more severe case of this condition means that more drugs in the treatment plan. Mood stabilizers and some forms of anticonvulsants generally treat this disorder, but antidepressants may also be necessary. Psychiatrists prescribe these drugs in an effort to decrease the most troublesome symptoms so that the patient will have stability in their life.
Medications are usually only 1 part of this treatment program for those who have bipolar disorder. Outpatient therapy is to teach patients healthy working habits and to track how they’re reacting to their medications. Individuals with the most severe cases of bipolar disorder may have to stay at an inpatient mental health facility until they are stable. This may take as little as a couple of days or take a lot longer.
Patients with a suitable treatment plan can live normal, happy lives. Those who believe they need assistance with a mental health condition should consult a psychiatric practitioner.